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Eye Care Conditions and Terms

Learn more about the following eye conditions by clicking on the hyperlink. Information provided by the American Optometric Association. 

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye): The loss or lack of development of clear vision in just one eye. It is not due to eye health problems and eyeglasses or contact lenses cant fully correct the reduced vision caused by lazy eye. 

Astigmatism: A vision condition that causes blurred vision due either to the irregular shape of the cornea, the clear front cover of the eye, or sometimes the curvature of the lens inside the eye. 

Blepharitis: An inflammation of the eyelids and eyelashes causing red, irritated, itchy eyelids and the formation of dandruff like scales on eyelashes. 

Cataract: A cloudy or opaque area in the normally clear lens of the eye. 

Computer Vision Syndrome: A group of eye and vision-related problems that result from prolonged computer use. 

Color Deficiency: The inability to distinguish certain shades of colors or, in more severe cases, see colors at all. 

Conjunctivitis (Pink eye): An inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva, the thin transparent layer of tissue that lines the inner surface of the eyelid and covers the white part of the eye. 

Diabetic Retinopathy: A condition occurring in persons with diabetes, which causes progressive damage to the retina, the light sensitive lining at the back of the eye. 

Dry Eye: A condition in which there are insufficient tears to lubricate and nourish the eye. 

Glaucoma: A group of disorders leading to progressive damage to the optic nerve which leads to loss of vision 

Hyperopia (Far sightedness): A vision condition in which distant objects are usually seen clearly, but close objects do not come into proper focus. 

Keratoconus: An eye disorder causing progressive thinning and bulging of the cornea, the clear front cover of the eye. 

Macular Degeneration: An eye disease affecting the macula, the center of the light sensitive retina at the back of the eye, causing loss of central vision. 

Myopia (Near sightedness): A vision condition in which you can see close objects clearly, but objects farther away are blurred. 

Nystagmus: A vision condition in which the eyes make repetitive, uncontrolled movements, often resulting in reduced vision. 

Pinguecula: A common, non-cancerousgrowth of tissue on the conjuctiva, the clear membrane that covers the white of the eye. 

Presbyopia: An age-related vision condition in which there is a gradual loss of the eyes ability to focus on near objects. 

Spots & Floaters: Spots (often called floaters) are small, semi-transparent or cloudy specks or particles within the vitreous, which is the clear, jelly-like fluid that fills the inside of your eyes. 

Strabismus (Eye Turn): A condition in which both eyes do not look at the same place at the same time. 

Stye: An infection of the oil gland in the eyelid. 

Visual Acuity: 20/20 vision is a term used to express normal visual acuity (the clarity or sharpness of vision) measured at a distance of 20 feet.

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